red = 2004 and 2007 updates)
INTRODUCTORY NOTE by C.P.: Since I first wrote this, my views have changed. I no longer believe that the Poles had any obligation to reach an agreement with the Russians; that is the British point of view. In my view, their refusal to do so was the only thing they did right. The letter follows-C.P.
SHOFAR [Hebrew for "blast on ram's horn"; name commonly given by Nizkor to their lie and spy files - C.P.] by Joe Biernacki,
Mr. Porter. Regards your monologue on the Polish atrocities against their German (Volksdeutschen) minority as "proven" by "sworn" statements of eyewitnesses and victims.
[MY COMMENT: You are referring, no doubt, to THE IMAGE OF THE GERMANS IN POLISH LITERATURE, by Else Löser, which is a translation. Strictly speaking, I am not responsible for the statements it contains. Are you saying I falsified the Polish quotations it contains, or are they authentic? Perhaps I falsified the explanatory quotations from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica relating to the chronic anarchy and irresponsibility of the Poles for 900 years. If you like, I shall scan and post the illustrations from Polish literature; did I falsify them too? - C.P.]
Listed below is a document
[MY COMMENT: From Nizkor!!! See answer to Kevin Strom, above. - C.P.]
which tracks developments from June through the beginning of September
1939. In it,
German propaganda, demagoguery and murder against Polish officials, soldiers and officers done in hope of provoking Polish military response is noted and recorded by diplomats stationed in Poland. Poland, under the microscopic, defensive, self serving scrutiny of it's allies would have to have performed quite a magic trick to have done what you outline in your monologue without the allies having noted this. Poland had too much to lose. It faced a revocation of treaty commitments if it
misstepped in it's
[MY COMMENT: The neuter possessive in English is “its”, not "it’s". - C.P.]
conduct in responding to constant German provocations. What is true is that some Polish-German citizens were captured and executed after field courts martial convicted them of armed uprising, e.g. shooting at Polish troops and sabotage using explosives, against the government (these folks were wearing nazi armbands and all). The German S.A. in Gdansk did kill a Polish soldier prior to Sep 1st and delivered his body filled with the innards of multiple corpses.
[MY COMMENT: What is the source for this story? Is it the same as for the steam chambers? - C.P.]
[Actually, this accusation is discussed on page 515 of THE FORCED WAR by David L. Hoggan, and formed part of a Polish threat to declare war on Germany; it has never been documented: “[Polish Prime Minister] Beck assured Ambassador Biddle shortly before midnight on August 25, 1939 that war between Germany and Poland was inevitable. He claimed that Poland had an adequate legal basis for a declaration of war against Germany, in case the Germans failed to take the initiative against Poland within the next few days. Beck denied that there was any truth in the Bielitz massacre, which had been confirmed by neutral sources. He claimed instead that a Polish soldier had been killed by the Germans on August 16, 1939, and that the Germans had proceeded to cut open the stomach of the corpse and to conceal in it the skull of a baby. This story was widely repeated by Polish spokesmen in the days and years which followed, although no attempt was ever made to document the incident. They failed to realize that this type of savagery was based upon certain primitive voodoo-like superstitions in Eastern Europe which were not shared by the Germans. It would have been an unique historical event had modern Poland elected to base a declaration of war on this fantastic charge.”
After 6 years of planning pre-emptive war against Germany (beginning in 1933); after repeatedly threatening to declare war on Germany (24, 25, and 28 March 1939; 5 May and 25 August 1939); after issuing detailed military attack plans for an invasion of Germany (24 March 1939); after repeatedly assuring everyone who would listen that they could defeat the Germans with or without foreign assistance (for example, General Gluchowski, 26 March 1939, Marshal Rydz-Smigly, 17 July 1939, Ambassador Lukasiewicz, 15 August 1939; Ambassador Jozef Lipski, 31 August 1939); after being the first to mobilize, both fully (334,000 men on 23 March 1939) and partially (21 reserve divisions on 23 August 1939); after being the first to commence hostilities, firing on German passenger boats and aircraft (24, 25, 26 and 31 August 1939) *, the entire Polish air force was destroyed during the first 36 hours of the war!
* The Poles also blew up a bridge over the Weichsel, the eastern end of which was on German territory, at Dirschau, on 31 August 1939; personally I consider this a legitimate defensive action; but the Poles cannot simultaneously complain of a German "surprise attack". The point is that they were prepared for it and provoked it.
(In international practice, mobilization is considered equivalent to a declaration of war, because the ordinary business of the country cannot be carried on if every adult male is in the army. This is what caused the First World War and the invasion of France: once the Russians and French mobilized, the Germans had no choice but to declare war on France and try to knock France out of the war before the Russians could complete their mobilization (which would inevitably take time due to the extremely poor Russian transportation infrastructure); otherwise Germany would have been invaded by combined armies of 4-5 million men, the whole war would have taken place in Germany, and the country would have been devastated. That "mobilization means war" is simply a fact. The Germans were the last to mobilize in 1914, and the last to mobilize in 1939.)
The author cites 127 Polish sources (a language which he could actually read), and backs up his statements with an annotated bibliography 57 pages long in small print. The Poles should read this book to discover how badly their leaders deceived them. - C.P.]
gruesomeness is a characteristic of a German or a Russian,
[MY COMMENT: Does this mean I am permitted to believe anti-Soviet atrocity stories, but not anti-Polish ones? Please advise - C.P.]
but not Poles. Poles have no history of gratuitous terrorist violence. [!!!]
[COMMENT : Perhaps I falsified the following from the 1922 Encyclopaedia Britannica: “…under Polish pressure the Germans in the southern and eastern districts were subjected to oppressive treatment. On Aug. 19 1920 the Poles felt strong enough, indeed, to make an attempt to seize the country by force. On all sides bands of Poles, chiefly recruited from Congress Poland, usurped authority. A number of Germans were forcibly carried across the frontier into Poland, and many were killed. Several weeks elapsed before it was possible to quell this rising and restore order…It had been suggested by the Entente that non-resident Upper Silesians of the German Reich should vote outside Silesia, at Cologne. Germany protested against this, and her protest was recognized as valid by the Entente. In January 1921 the date of the plebiscite was fixed for March 20 1921. An immediate revival took place in the use of TERRORISM BY THE POLES [!!!] [emphasis added], especially in the districts of Rybnik, Pless, Kattowitz, and Beuthen. It reached its climax in the days preceding the plebiscite. Voters from other parts of the German Reich were frequently refused admission to the polls; sometimes they were maltreated and even in some instances murdered; and houses where outvoters were staying were set on fire… The day after the plebiscite the Polish excesses recommenced, and from that date onwards continued without interruption… Practically all the towns voted for Germany… the first days of May witnessed a new Polish insurrection which assumed far greater proportions than the former one. Korfanty had secretly raised a well-organized Polish force which was provided with arms and munition from across the border, and was reinforced by large bodies of men from Poland… By June 20 the British troops had again occupied the larger towns, while the Poles had the upper hand in the rural districts. As a result of the difficulties in paying his men and providing them with food Korfanty now lost control over his followers. Independent bands were formed which PLUNDERED THE VILLAGES, ILL-TREATED THE GERMANS, AND MURDERED MANY OF THEM [emphasis added.”
- 1922 Encyclopaedia Britannica, “SILESIA, UPPER”]
This was done to outrage the Polish public and force the government into an armed reaction. The reaction was diplomatic. The Germans did believe their own propaganda that Poles were highly excitable and not in full control of their passions, something only occurring in an inferior race.
[MY COMMENT: The Poles are certainly not inferior in an artistic or cultural sense [UPDATE 2007: Actually, I am beginning to doubt this, in view of the obvious inferiority complex and over-sensitivity of the Poles, and the fact that many -- if not most -- of the great cultural achievements of the Polish nation were the work of ethnic Germans who could not even speak Polish or who only learned it as adults, the most obvious examples of which are Nicholas Copernicus and Veith Stoss. They lived in territories called "Poland" today, therefore, they were Poles! There are many other examples. One might as well pretend that the 18th-century Spanish friars who built the famous missions of California were "Americans" and spoke English! Chopin, who was half French and spent most of his life in France, was an obvious exception. Even today, Poles take tremendous pride in pointing out magnificent cathedrals in Breslau and elsewhere which they know perfectly well were built by the Germans, and which have only been "Polish" since 1945 [!], representing them as "great achievements of Polish culture" [!] . There is something pathological about all of this. - C.P.]; in a purely administrative sense, they are definitely inferior, and the Russians far more so. The world’s most efficient administrators have always been the British and the Germans, the only modern nations formerly comparable to the ancient Romans for efficiency of administration. - C.P.]
I think you got yourself upset by reading German propaganda and taking it to heart. 1939 Poland was a poor country, deficient by many international standards but it was proud of it's military. Poland had a rich military tradition, strong pride and knew how to soldier. Your description
[MY COMMENT: It is not my description. Complain to the author. Click here.]
of "Polish soldiers in shabby uniforms" makes absolutely no sense and is clearly included to show that somehow the Polish army was out of control and the country was out of control. This in an army in which soldiers had their fingernails inspected for trim and cleanliness every morning? [!!!] Come on. Polish Infantry quality was the equal to any in the world. The technology deficit did not carry over to people, their training nor their uniforms (ask any German soldier
[MY COMMENT: I shall not fail to do so; how about the 15 million Germans expelled after the war by the Poles and Czechs in the dead of winter, with the loss of all their property, resulting in 2 million deaths? - C.P.]
who faced them at Westerplatte
[the Westerplatte was a garrison and arsenal on a peninsula on Polish soil immediately adjacent to Danzig, from which the Poles commenced hostilities firing on German passenger boats and aircraft on repeated occasions in late August 1939; I don't know if that is what this person is referring to.
NOTE 2007: Irrational and ridiculous claims of Polish military glory are commonly made, even today. The following quotation is from a Polish geneological site http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~atpc/heritage/history/historic-geography.html
"On September 17, 1939, Russia invaded Poland, but within a month they were defeated by the Poles." [!]
Perhaps this is why the Russians were still in possession of these areas 50 years later, and why they are not part of Poland even today -- it's because the Poles won the war in the East!
(They surrendered to the Germans after 19 days, but don't worry, they still had 11 days in which to defeat the Russians.)
The same site features many beautiful maps showing the manner in which the "Kingdom of Poland" ballooned all over the map for centuries, changing shape like an amoeba and controlling large parts of what were, and are, obviously other countries. The Poles see nothing abnormal in all of this and have apparently never minded looking foolish as long as they can feel good about themselves. -C.P.],
the battles of the Bzura and Warsaw, in France and Norway, at Tobruk, at the Gustav Line and the battle of Monte Cassino through the battle of the Falaise Gap (where the "superior" Germans scurrying to escape the trap died under Polish bayonets and entrenching tools after the Poles ran out of ammunition. Ask any veteran of the 4th Panzer Division which had lost most of it's tanks fighting Polish Infantry, Cavalry and Armor in 1939). [MY COMMENT: Could we have a few references for these allegations? - C.P.] Mr. Porter your drastic anti-Polish attitudes are exactly what some conservative Germans and Russians have said for the past two hundred years. [MY COMMENT: My footnotes, from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, indicate that Czarist, Prussian, and Austrian rule was highly beneficial to Poland. Communist rule, not at all; Communist rule was the result of Polish irresponsibility in refusing to reach an agreement with the Russians in 1939 [correction: it was the result of provoking the war with Germany and being betrayed by the United States - C.P.]. The role of Polish irresponsibility in provoking WW II has been remarked upon by David Hoggan and A.J.P. Taylor, among many other authors. I have discussed these matters myself in NOT GUILTY AT NUREMBERG (see, in particular, FUNK and von RIBBENTROP). Obviously, if the Poles had not spent 20 years repressing all their national minorities, no agreement with the Russians would have been necessary. The abandonment of Poland to the Communists was the only good thing F.D.R. ever did -- poetic justice. - C.P.] Joe Biernacki, Houston, TX
MY COMMENT: This e-mail was accompanied by an electronic attachment a Nizkor file entitled SHOFAR something or other. In return, could I recommend the following?
DAS SCHWARZBUCH DER VERTREIBUNG 1945-1948
ÜBERLEBEN WAR SCHWERER ALS STERBEN
Franzkiska L. und Hugo E. Wagner
DER BRÜNNER TODESMARSCH 1945
[NEMCI VEN! DIE DEUTSCHEN RAUS!]
Hans Edgar Jahn
LETZE TAGE IN OSTPREUSSEN
FLÜCHT UND VERTREIBUNG DER DEUTSCHEN
DIE HÖLLE VON LAMSDORF
ABSCHIED VON SCHLESIEN
TRAGÖDIE UNSERER HEIMAT: VERTRIEBEN AUS DEM SUDENTLAND
LEIDENSWEG DEUTSCHER FRAUEN 1944-1949
Gert O. Sattler
SCHREIE AUS DER HÖLLE UNGEHÖRT
DER TOD SPRACH POLNISCH
Dokumente polnischer Grausamkeiten an deutschen
DIE VERTREIBUNG DER DEUTSCHEN
Prof. Emil Schlee (video)
Bernhard Lindenblatt and Otto Bäcker
DIE GROSSE TREK
All except the last available from LESEN UND SCHENKEN
ARDNT Buchdienst /Europa Buchhandlung
D-24035 KIEL, POSTFACH 3603
See also DOKUMENTATION DER VERTREIBUNG DER DEUTSCHEN AUS OST-MITTELEUROPA
(8 volumes [EIGHT VOLUMES!!!], DTV Deutsche Taschenbuch Verlag, München).
[Note that all these titles are freely available in Germany, even though everything even faintly redolent of revisionism is prohibited. - C.P.]
'TWAS A FAMOUS VICTORY Deception and Propaganda in the War with Germany BENJAMIN COLBY Arlington House, 1974, NY (available from www.alibris.com) states as follows on page 38:
"Even invaded Poland planned territorial seizures, and the Department of State had been informed of its aims. Poland wanted to take East Prussia and expel the German population, a long-standing goal which had been soft pedalled before the war for political reasons." The source for this statement is Foreign Relations, 1941, op cit pp. 376, 377 (op cit = Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Lend-Lease Bill (Washington US Government Printing Office, 1941), Part I. At the Versailles Conference, the Poles demanded a resurrection of the medieval kingdom of Poland, which would have meant an artificial nation of 55 million people, held together solely by the brutal repression of all national minorities -- Ruthenians, Czechs, Germans, Jews, Hungarians, e tutti quanti. What the Poles actually received was very much less, but more or less the same thing.
There is NO CONTROVERSY as to Polish atrocities against ethnic Germans in 1919, throughout the 1920s and 30s, or in 1945. The ONLY controversy relates to certain events immediately preceding the war in 1939: Blomberg Sunday and the attack on the Gleiwitz radio station. Since there is no question as to Polish actions in 1919, throughout the 1920s and 30s, or in 1945, I am rather inclined to think that the Poles did more or less the same things in 1939, but on a much smaller scale. It is possible that they did not, and that I am wrong; I am willing to research the matter. [As witness the present 2004 and 2007 updates. - C.P.] The Poles are the most fanatical nationalists that the world has ever seen (far more extreme, in actual practice, than the National Socialists). To the Poles, art, literature, poetry, politics, propaganda, terrorism, and, above all, religion, are simply instruments to be dedicated to the expulsion of a hated foreigner, to the destruction of hated foreign domination. I do not criticize this; I think that is the way it should be. The question now arises: if the Poles and the Czechs can expel 15 million Germans, overnight, in the dead of winter, many of whose ancestors lived in those regions for 900 years; if the Zionists can expel 2 million Palestinians whose ancestors lived in Palestine for 2,000 years; if the Algerians can expel 2 million Frenchmen who lived in Algeria for 150 years (Note: Algiers was occupied in 1827 to put an end to the depredations of the Barbary pirates after only 3 or 4 centuries); if the natives of Angola and Mozambique can expel 500,000 Portuguese whose ancestors lived in those countries for 500 years and built the first modern city in West Africa , etc. etc., ad infinitum -- then why can’t the Europeans and Americans expel the uncounted millions of scum immigrants (*) imported to sponge off us by our “democratic” Jewish governments?
CARLOS W. PORTER
20 JANUARY 2000
(*) If this epithet seems unduly harsh, see NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, vol. 2.2, no. 5, February 2000 French edition, p. 64:
"...Pour s'en sortir, les Albanais kosovars mirent sur pied une économie et des institutions paralèllels, mais furent bientôt insolvables. Quelque 350 000 d'entre eux, de hommes jeunes pour la plupart, emigrèrent en Europe occidentale dans les années 90. Un grand nombre parmi eux étaient soutiens de famille, et lorsqu'ils n'arrivaient pas à trouver du travail, ils optaient pour des activités illégales. C'est ainsi que depuis plusieurs années, ils contrôleraient le marché de la drogue en Suisse, en Allemagne et en Autriche." (Thus, according to this otherwise adulatory article, the otherwise commercially incompetent Kosovar Albanians -- by all accounts the most primitive people in Europe -- controlled the drug trade in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland even BEFORE the NATO war on Serbia!?)
Incidentally, before I forget, it is not true that the Germans expanded into Eastern Europe out of sheer blood lust or love of conquest.
The Teutonic Knights were invited into Eastern Europe to protect the Poles from the Lithuanians, at that time the most predatory pagan tribes in Europe. The Lithuanians later converted to Christianity and united with the Poles to expel the Teutonic Knights, who were eventually defeated.
Polish history offers some of the best proof I know of that, of all political systems, democracy is by far the worst, and I mean that very seriously. Most European nations are over one thousand years old, and grew great under various systems of hereditary monarchy. Americans are taught to believe that hereditary monarchy is irrational, but, in fact, hereditary monarchy is the most successful form of government which has ever existed, and proof of this may be found in the history of almost any country. Can anyone imagine a democracy lasting one thousand years?
Hereditary monarchy, in many countries, was preceded by various forms of electoral monarchy. Electoral monarchy was abandoned because it was found that any nation with an electoral monarchy suffered from chronically weak government, civil disorder, foreign invasion, and civil war: any aristocrat whose candidate for king was rejected simply teamed up with a foreign monarch to invade the country and enforce his claims.
Parliamentary democracy is a return to this obsolete form of chaos: Party A imports 1 million immigrants hoping they will vote for party A, while Party B imports 2 immigrants hoping they will vote for party B. The result is the destruction of the nation, more completely, and more permanently, than could ever be accomplished by Hitler, Stalin, Mao Tse Tung, or Ghengis Khan.
What is commonly called "fascism" is a return to the principles of hereditary monarchy, minus the principle of succession. Poland not only retained the electoral form of monarchy, but required that all legislation be unanimous. Any legislative measure could be defeated by a single vote. Any attempt to defeat this provision resulted in foreign invasion and civil war; no aristocrat could be forced to contribute men or money to the defence of the country even when it was actually under invasion. As a result, the nobility lost everything, and the nation lost its independence, not once, but several times.
Sound familiar? Thus the abandonment of electoral monarchy in favour of hereditary monarchy, far from being "irrational", was a tremendous step forward in the stability of government. Despite everything, under the monarchy, Poland produced some of the greatest kings in Europe -- the Jagiellos.
Under a "democracy", what is it? An exporter of prostitutes and a receiver of stolen cars. The real strength of the Polish nation today is that the country is too poor, and there is not enough welfare legislation, to attract immigrants. In that sense, the Poles will probably survive us all. Good luck.
CARLOS W. PORTER
20 MAY 2000, updated May 18, 2004 Source of information: 1911, 1922, and 1928 editions of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. See also OST MINUS WEST = NULL by Werner Keller, translated into English as ARE THE RUSSIANS TEN FEET TALL?, available from www.libris.com; THE FORCED WAR, by David L. Hoggan, and WAR DEUTSCHLAND ALLEIN SCHULD? available from Nazional-Zeitung, Paosostrasse Munich. The latter is an excellent book, somewhat easier than Hoggan if you can read German.
To sum up: Hitler never made any territorial demands on Poland: on the contrary, he offered to guarantee the 1919 borders with Poland. The Poles replied that this was "insult to their honour and a threat to their independence". Danzig was never a part of Poland, and was not part of Poland in 1939: it was a so-called "free city" under the nominal control of the League of Nations. Poland owes its existence as a modern independent state to the Treaty of Bresk-Litovsk, signed between the Germans and the Soviets in March 1918. It was considered to be in the German interests to create, or permit the existence, of a series of independent buffer states between itself and the Soviet Union. Hitler shared this view, stating that if the Poles did not defend their eastern borders, then the Germans would have to do it. In this sense, Hitler was pro-Polish, and desired a strong, independent, anti-Communist Poland. Germany and Poland should have been natural allies, forming a bulwark against bolshevism in Europe, and should have been ideal trading partners. Both countries were anti-Jewish (the Poles far more so than the National Socialists); Poland was in the depths of a depression, a producer of raw materials and agricultural goods needed by Germany, while Germany was a producer of finished goods badly needed by the Poles. To reach an agreement with the Poles, Hitler abandoned ALL CLAIM to huge areas of Poland which were 65-85% German, areas of inestimable economic value. The Poles rejected these offers in the belief that another world war would destroy Germany and Soviet Russia, allowing Poland to expand from the Baltic to the Black Sea ("Polska od morza do morza"). That they would thus have ruled over tens of millions of other people, members of other ethnic groups who cordially hated them, was of no concern to the Poles. They also published maps of this future "Greater Poland" including large parts of Germany and other countries. What is indisputable is, that when it was all over, the Poles could not have been any worse off even if they had actually fought the Soviets as German allies (see ALLIED WARTIME DIPLOMACY: A Pattern in Poland, by Edward J. Rozek, Westview Encore Edition, 1989, p. 445). The worst part of it is that if they had reached an agreement with the Germans, there probably wouldn't have been any war (at least in the absence of a Soviet invasion of Europe, reportedly planned for July 8, 1941, according to STALIN'S WAR OF EXTERMINATION by Joachim Hoffmann, available from www.vho.org). Where Danzig is concerned, the Poles already had a perfectly good port, Gdingen, built by the Danes in 1924. The Germans offered them an outlet through the sea at Danzig as well, free of all customs duties. The mistreatment of ethnic Germans in Poland, in violation of all their international treaties, was not limited to mere massacres and death-marches (usually with relatively small numbers of victims), but included firing them from their jobs without unemployment benefits; depriving them of apprenticeships; shutting their schools and newspapers; imprisoning them on minor pretexts; and confiscating their property. 80% of all land confiscated in Polish "agrarian reforms" was owned by ethnic Germans, most of whom were small farmers and artisans. By 1939, ethic Germans were forbidden to own land in two thirds of the country. All of this legislation is a matter of record. They also expelled hundreds of thousands of Jews, depriving them of their citizenship. When the Germans attempted to deport them back, they were met at the border by Polish soldiers with fixed bayonets, so that every town on the German-Polish border was filled with penniless refugees, both German and Jewish. That the Poles were more "anti-Semitic" than the National Socialists didn't bother the world's "democratic" leaders at all, because there was no danger of anyone imitating the Polish "system" (if it can be called that). If Laurel and Hardy ran a country they could probably do a better job, plus it would be more amusing and nobody would get killed. The extent to which the Poles were willing to lie to cause a war is perhaps best revealed by STORY OF A SECRET STATE, by Jan Karski/Karsky, available for 3 or 4 dollars, used, first edition, from www.alibris.com or www.abebooks.com. The official version of the Holocaust, peddled by Karski to the World Jewish Congress in 1944, was that the Germans were exterminating Jews in trains full of quicklime. There is no mention of any other method of mass killing. Karski claims to have seen this, with his own eyes, with a great show of Catholic piety. For 50 years, Karski never repudiated this lie, and even compounded it with another lie: that he "attempted to warn the world of the Holocaust but was not believed". To prevent the above mentioned quicklime "holocaust" the Americans were asked to make "greater sacrifices", in 1944. As if what the Americans were already doing were not enough! According to a letter on David Irving's website, Karski was a converted Jew and the book -- written in the style of a cheap spy novel with, I believe, some P.G. Wodehouse influence -- was ghost-written by a man named Sinclair. In any case, the Poles have had 60 years in which to denounce Karski as a liar and an imposter, and to my knowledge they have never done so. Yet their immediate reaction to the slightest criticism is to accuse the Germans of lying, and all others of "believing German lies". Many Jews, from Orthodox to liberal-atheist, recognize the injustice done to the Palestinians and are disgusted and terrified by Israeli policies; several have contacted me in this regard. I have never heard -- or heard of -- any similar sort of sentiment expressed by a Pole wth regards to the ethnic Germans. -C.P.
See also: ONWARD, CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS, by Donald Day
Caustic eyewitness description of Poland and the Jews before WWII
"If anyone is to be blamed for the tragedy of Poland, it is the Poles themselves. Not one of Poland’s immediate neighbors had a good word to say for this miserable country. The Roumanians detested the Poles, the Czechs hated them, the Germans despised them, the Lithaunians feared them, the Latvians loathed them, the Russians abominated them and the Ukrainians and Ruthenians abhorred them. During their short existence as a modern nation the Poles were unable to make friends, but they did make plenty of enemies." (p. 64).
Note that the Corridor is not included on the map shown above. Hitler never made any claims on the Corridor, and was the first non-Communist German politician to accept its existence: Walter Rathenau was assassinated for much less. As Ambassador Henderson told Lord Halifax: "Whether you believe it or not, of all Germans, Hitler is the most moderate where Poland and the Corridor are concerned".
Note as well the manner in which East Prussia was separated from the rest of Germany and was only accessible by sea. The demand for a plebiscite north of Marienwerder was only added in late August 1939. "Von Ribbentrop was hanged for signing the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which preceeded and made possible the attack on Poland. Ribbentrop defended his actions on the grounds that one million Germans had been expelled from Polish territory over a 20-year period, accompanied by numerous atrocities, and that complaints to the World Court in The Hague and the League of Nations in Geneva had been ignored for just as long. These were ethnic Germans with Polish citizenship living in lands given to the new Polish state under the Versailles Treaty.
On October 23, 1938, Ribbentrop made an offer to the Poles which the British ambassador, Sir Neville Henderson, admitted was reasonable, calling it a "pure League of Nations proposal": Ribbentrop asked for a plebiscite in the Polish corridor; the return of Danzig (a 100% German city) to the Reich, and the construction of an extra-territorial double-track railway and highway across the Corridor to East Prussia, which had previously been separated from the rest of Germany and could only be reached by sea, in defiance of all common sense, that is, a land bridge to East Prussia (X 260-269 [295-304]; 280-281 [317-318]; 367-369 [416-417]).
In return, the Poles were to receive an advantageous financial settlement: a guarantee of port facilities and outlet for Polish goods through the port of Danzig. The future of the Corridor was to be decided according to the principle of self-determination, the Poles would receive an outlet to the sea, and the German-Polish Friendship Pact (signed by Hitler in 1934 in the face of bitter German opposition), would be renewed for an additional period (XIX 362-368 [399-406].
For the prosecution version of these same events, see III 209-229 [237-260)).
This was the "Nazi Plan to conquer the world" which served as a pretext for the entire war, including, eventually, Pearl Harbor, Hiroshima, and Yalta."
Not Guilty at Nuremberg
Nicht Schuldig in Nürnberg
http://www.danzigfreestate.org/ (very good articles in German and English)
For another example of Polish lunacy ("I couldn't give a damn if Gdansk [Danzig] has 99.999% Germans until the end of WW2, it still wouldn't make it a german city"), click
Update 2008: Full details on Polish military provocations and repression of minorities in defiance of Hitler's perfectly reasonable negotiation and treaty offers are contained in a definitive and very readable new book,
DER KRIEG, DER VIELE VÄTER HATTE: Der lange Anlauf zum zweiten Weltkrieg, by retired Major General Gerd Schulze-Rhonhof.
Now available in English translation:
It is interesting to note that virtually everybody who describes the Poles uses the same language, sooner or later.
For example, the great Basque historical novelist, describing foreign troops in Spain during the First Carlist War (1833-39) and War of Independence (1808-14), mentions the Poles as follows:
"The people of the villages hated the foreign officers, most of all the Poles -- proud, braggarts, full of arrogance, and very cruel when they had the chance..."
"The cruelty and maliciousness of the Poles were proverbial....the word 'Pole' produced horror in the Spanish villages."
- LA NAVE DE LOS LOCOS, Biblioteca Nueva, Madrid, 1925
(of course, this is a novel, but some of Baroja's novels are so accurate historically that one of them, LOS PILOTOS DE ALTURA, is included in the bibliography of Hugh Thomas's THE SLAVE TRADE: The History of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440-1870, by Hugh Thomas, Picador Books, London, 1997)
For more on Baroja, click here
Latest news on the Polish front is that hundreds of thousands of Poles emigrated to England and Ireland with their hands out as soon as Poland got a toehold in the EEC, and are now acquiring an unenviable reputation for alcoholism, demanding road signs in Polish, and a barely-concealed attitude of imperiousness and resentfulness generally, as if they were all members of titled nobility momentarily down on their luck. At the same time, English companies in Poland must import technicians and workers from England and Korea!
Poetic justice. Let the English become finally acquainted with those for whom they gladly destroyed Europe and committed suicide as a nation. - C.P.
For more Löser, click here
Hitler image stolen from http://www.reichslieder.com/reichslieder_Tshirts_150.html.